Middle School – Mathematics

Mathematics provides students with essential mathematical skills and knowledge in number and algebra, measurement and geometry, and statistics and probability. It develops the numeracy capabilities that all students need in their personal, work and civic life.

In Mathematics, the following key ideas describe how students can engage when learning and using the content.


Students build a robust knowledge of adaptable and transferable mathematical concepts. They make connections between related concepts and progressively apply the familiar, in order to develop new ideas. They develop an understanding of the relationship between the ‘why’ and the ‘how’ of mathematics.


Students develop skills in choosing appropriate procedures; carrying out procedures flexibly, accurately, efficiently and appropriately; and readily recalling factual knowledge and concepts.


Students develop the ability to make choices, interpret, formulate, model and investigate problem situations, and communicate solutions effectively. They apply their existing strategies to seek solutions, and verify that their answers are reasonable.


Students develop logical thought and actions, such as analysing, proving, evaluating, explaining, inferring, justifying and generalising. Students are reasoning mathematically when they explain their thinking, compare and contrast related ideas, and justify the strategies they used and the conclusions they reached.

New concepts introduced each year level include:

Year 7

  • Algebra
  • Solving Simple Equations
  • Volume
  • Multiplication and Division of Fractions

Year 8

  • Index Laws
  • Coordinate Geometry
  • Circle Geometry

Year 9

  • Trigonometry
  • Pythagoras
  • Expansion and Factorisation

Students consolidate their knowledge and understanding through various learning tasks and assessment types. These include:

  • Tests
  • Investigations
  • Maths Mate
  • Examinations

Year 10 Mathematics